Alexander Soloviev, Ph.D.

Alexander Soloviev

Professor
Department of Marine and Environmental Sciences
(954) 262-3659
soloviev@nova.edu

Education

Alex Soloviev is a Professor at the Nova Southeastern University Halmos College of Natural Sciences and Oceanography, Dania Beach, FL. He teaches graduate courses, including Concepts of Physical Oceanography and Biophysical Interactions in the Ocean. Dr. Soloviev is also an Adjunct Professor at the University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine and Atmospheric Science and a Fellow at the Cooperative Institute for Marine and Atmospheric Studies (CIMAS). He was previously a Visiting Scientist at the University of Hawaii and University of Hamburg and a Scientist in the two leading institutions of the former Soviet Academy of Sciences, P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology and A.M. Oboukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics.

Dr. Soloviev participated in several major oceanographic and air-sea interaction experiments (POLYMODE, JASIN, FGGE, TOGA COARE, GASEX) and is the author and co-author of more than 60 research articles published in peer-reviewed journals. Recently, in co-authorship with Prof. Roger Lukas from the University of Hawaii, he wrote a monograph "The Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean: Structure, Dynamics, and Applications", published by Springer.

Alex Soloviev is a naturalized US citizen. He received his Diploma of Engineer from the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology in 1976 and the Ph.D. and Habilitation (Dr.Sci.) degrees from the former Soviet Academy of Sciences in 1979 and 1992, respectively. In 2010, he received his MBA degree from the University of Florida.

Dr. Soloviev has been PI and co-PI on a number of research projects funded by the US Federal Government and private industries.

Area(s) of Research

My research interests have been in the area of the near-surface layer of the ocean, hurricane physics, computational fluid dynamics, remote sensing, ocean and environmental engineering.

The near-surface layer of the ocean. I am one of pioneers in studying the near-surface layer of the ocean microstructure and turbulence; this experience has been summarized in a monograph “The Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean” published in two editions by Springer.

Hurricane physics: In collaboration with a group of scientists from UM, URI, and UH working on an NOPP projects, I have developed a new parameterization for the air-sea drag coefficient under hurricane conditions, which has been implemented in the GFDL operational model.    

Computational fluid dynamics. I am pioneering the application of computational fluid dynamics tools for modeling structure and dynamics of the near surface layer of the ocean, including spatially coherent organized motions, oil spills, surfactant and dispersant effects, diurnal warming, and 3D dynamics of freshwater lenses.

Remote sensing. I am involved in studying electromagnetic signatures of oceanographic processes and synthetic aperture satellite oceanography, working on projects relating to the US national security.

Coastal ocean circulation. I am conducting a study of rear upwelling events on the Southeast Florida Shelf as a part of a NOAA coral reef study.

Ocean and environmental engineering. In the 1980s, I was a part of a team, which developed the artificial upwelling system using an inertial wave pump. I was leading the mathematical modeling effort. I am interested in further development and application of this system for fishery and fish farming, coral reef protection, as well as in studying its potential for regional climate modification and hurricane mitigation, in combination with other climate engineering approaches.

Graduate Students

Monograph

Soloviev, A.V. and R. Lukas, 2006: The Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean: Structure, Dynamics, and Applications. Springer, NY, 572 pp.

Soloviev, A.V. and R. Lukas, 2014: The Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean: Structure, Dynamics, and Applications (Second edition), Springer, NY, 552 pp.

Articles in peer-reviewed journals and books (in English)

Boutin, J., Y. Chao, W. E. Asher, T. Delcroix, R. Drucker, K. Drushka, N. Kolodziejczyk, T. Lee, N. Reul, G. Reverdin, J. Schanze, A. Soloviev, L. Yu, J. Anderson, L. Brucker, E. Dinnat, A. S. Garcia, W. L. Jones, C. Maes, T. Meissner, W. Tang, N. Vinogradova, B. Ward, 2015. Satellite and In Situ Salinity: Understanding Near-Surface Stratification and Sub-footprint Variability. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society.

Fujimura, A., A. Soloviev, S. H. Rhee, R. Romeiser, Coupled model simulation of wind stress effect on far wakes of whips in SAR images. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing. PP(99), 1-9

Kurata, N., K. Vella, A. Soloviev, A. Tartar, S. Matt, M. Shivji, W. Perrie, W., 2016. Surfactant-associated bacteria in the near-surface layer of the ocean. Nature.com/Scientific Reports. 6, 19123.

Dean, C, A. Soloviev, A. Hirons, T. Frank, J. Wood, 2016: Biomixing Due to Diel Vertical Migrations of Zooplankton: Comparison of Computational Fluid Dynamics Model with Observations. Ocean Modelling, 98, 51-64.

Hamilton, B., C. Dean, N. Kurata, K. Vella, A. Soloviev, A. Tartar, M. Shivji, S. Matt, W. Perrie, S. Lehner, 2015: Surfactant associated bacteria in the sea surface microlayer: Case studies in the Straits of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. Canadian Journal of Remote Sensing 41(2), 135-143.

Soloviev, A.V., S. Matt, and A. Fujimura, 2015: 3D Dynamics of Freshwater Lenses in the Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean. Oceanography 28(1):142–149, 2015.

Soloviev, A., R. Lukas, M. Donelan, B. Haus, and I. Ginis, 2014: The air-sea interface and surface stress under tropical cyclones. Nature.com/Scientific Reports 4, 5306.

Rascle, N., B. Chapron, F. Ardhuin, A. Soloviev, 2013: A note on the Direct Injection of Turbulence by Breaking Waves. Ocean Modelling 70, 145-151.

Soloviev, A., A. Fujimura, and S. Matt, 2012: Air-Sea Interface in Hurricane Conditions. Journal of Geophysical Research - Oceans 117, C00J34, doi:10.1029/2011JC007760.

Soloviev, A., C. Maingot, M. Agor, L. Nash, and K. Dixon, 2012: 3D Sonar Measurements in Wakes of Ships of Opportunity. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 29, 880-886.

Dubrovin, K., E. Golbraikh, M. Gedalin, and A. Soloviev, 2011: Turbulent viscosity variability in self-preserving far wake with zero net momentum. Physical Review E 84, 027302-1 – 027302-4.

Soloviev, A., S. Matt, M. Gilman, H. Hühnerfuss, B. Haus, D. Jeong, I. Savelyev, 
M. Donelan, 2011: Modification of turbulence at the air-sea interface due to the presence of surfactants and implications for gas exchange. Part I: laboratory experiment. In: Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, Kyoto University Press, 245 – 258.

Matt, S., A. Soloviev, S. Rhee, 2011: Modification of Turbulence Air-Sea Interface Due to the Presence of Surfactants and Implications for Gas Exchange. Part II: Numerical Simulations. In: Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, Kyoto University Press, 299-312.

Gilman, M., A. Soloviev, and H. Graber, 2011: Study of the Far Wake of a Large Ship.Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 28, 720-733.

Brusch, S., S. Lehner, T. Fritz, A. Soloviev, and B. van Schie, 2011: Ship surveillance with TerraSAR-X. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing (TGRS), 49(3): 1092-1103.

Soloviev, A.V. and R. Lukas, 2010: Effects of Bubbles and Sea Spray on Air-Sea Exchanges in Hurricane Conditions. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 136, 365-376.

Fujimura, A., A. Soloviev, and V. Kudryavtsev, 2010: Numerical simulation of the environmental effects on SAR imagery of ship wakes. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters 7, 646-649.

Soloviev, A.V., M. Gilman, K. Young, S. Brusch, and S. Lehner, 2010: Sonar measurements in ship wakes simultaneous with TerraSAR-X overpasses. Geoscience and Remote Sensing, IEEE Transactions 48, 841-851.

Soloviev, A., M. Donelan, H. Graber, and B. Haus, 2007: An approach to estimation of near-surface turbulence and CO2 transfer velocity from remote sensing data. Journal of Marine Systems (Elsevier) 66, 182-194.

Soloviev, A.V., 2007: Coupled Renewal Model of Ocean Viscous Sublayer, Thermal Skin Effect and Interfacial Gas Transfer Velocity. Journal of Marine Systems (Elsevier) 66, 19-27.

Katsaros, K.B., A.V. Soloviev, R.H. Weisberg, and M.E. Luther, 2005: Reduced Horizontal Sea Surface Temperature Gradients under Conditions of Clear Sky and Weak Winds. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 116, 175-185.

Wanninkhof, R., K.F. Sullivan, W.P. Dammann, J.R. Proni, F. Bloetscher, A.V. Soloviev, and T.P. Carsey, 2005: Fairfield Tracing of a Point Source Discharge Plume in the Coastal Ocean Using Sulfur Hexaflouride, Environmental Science & Technology 39, 8,883-8,890.

Katsaros, K.B. and A.V. Soloviev, 2004: Vanishing Horizontal Sea Surface Temperature Gradients at Low Wind Speeds. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 112, 381-396.

Soloviev, A.V., M.E. Luther, and R.H. Weisberg, 2003:  Energetic baroclinic super-tidal oscillations on the shelf off Southeast Florida. Geophysical Research Letters 30, No. 9, 1463, doi:10.1029/2002GL016603.

Soloviev, A.V., R.J. Walker, R.H. Weisberg, and M.E. Luther, 2003: Costal Observatory Investigates Energetic Current Oscillation on the Southeast Florida shelf. EOS, Transactions, AGU 84, No. 42, 11 October 2003, 441-450.

Soloviev, A. and R. Lukas, 2003: Observation of Wave Enhanced Turbulence in the Near Surface Layer of the Ocean During TOGA COARE. Deep-Sea Research Part I, 371-395.

Shay, L.K., Cook, T.M., Peters, H., Mariano, A.J., Weisberg, R., An, P.E.., A. Soloviev, and M. Luther, 2002: Very high-frequency radar mapping of surface currents. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, vol. 27, No. 2, 155-169.

Soloviev, A., R. Lukas, and H. Matsuura, 2002: Sharp Frontal Interfaces in the Near-Surface Layer of the Tropical Ocean. Journal of Marine Systems (Elsevier) 37(1-3), 47-68.

Schluessel, P. and A. Soloviev, 2002: Air-sea gas exchange: Cool skin and gas transfer velocity in the North Atlantic Ocean during GasEx-98. Advances in Space Research 29(1), 107-110.

Soloviev, A. and B. Klinger, 2002: Convection: Convection in the Ocean. In: Encyclopedia of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Cambridge, UK, 521-528.

Soloviev, A., R. Lukas, and P. Hacker, 2001: An approach to parameterization of the oceanic turbulent boundary layer in the western Pacific warm pool. Journal of Geophysical Research 106, 4421-4435.

Soloviev, A. and B. Klinger, 2001: Open Ocean Convection. In: Encyclopedia of Ocean Sciences, Academic Press, UK, 2015-2022.

Soloviev, A., J. Edson, W. McGillis, P. Schluessel, and R. Wanninkhof, 2001: Fine Thermohaline Structure and Gas-Exchange in the Near-Surface Layer of the Ocean During GasEx-98. In AGU Monograph Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces, Eds. E.S. Saltzman, M. Donealn, W. Drennan, and R. Wanninkhof, 181-185.

Soloviev, A. and P. Schluessel, 2001: A Model of the Air-Sea Gas Exchange Incorporating the Physics of the Turbulent Boundary Layer and the Properties of the Sea Surface. In: AGU Monograph Gas Transfer at Water Surfaces. Eds. E.S. Saltzman, M. Donealn, W. Drennan, and R. Wanninkhof, 141-146.

Shay, L. K., T. M. Cook, B. K. Haus, J. Martinez, H. Peters, J. VanLeer, A. J. Mariano, P. E. An, S. Smith, A. Soloviev, R. Weisberg, and M. Luther, 2000: VHF Radar detects submesoscale vortex along the Florida Coast. EOS 81, 209-213.

Soloviev, A.V., R. Lukas, and P. Hacker, 2000: Horizontal structure of the upper ocean velocity and density fields in the western equatorial Pacific warm pool. Journal of Physical Oceanography 30, 416-432.

Soloviev, A., R. Lukas, S., P. Hacker, H. Schoeberlein, M. Baker, and A. Arjannikov, 1999: A near-surface microstructure sensor system used during TOGA COARE. Part II: Turbulence Measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 16, 1598-1618.

Soloviev, A., R. Lukas, S. DeCarlo, J. Snyder, A. Arjannikov, V.Turenko, M. Baker, and D. Khlebnikov, 1998: A near-surface microstructure sensor system used during TOGA COARE. Part I: Bow Measurements. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology 15, 563-578.

Soloviev, A. and P. Schluessel, 1998: Comments on "Air-Sea Gas Transfer: Mechanisms and Parameterization". Journal of Physical Oceanography 28, 1643-1645.

Soloviev, A.V. and R. Lukas, 1997: Sharp frontal interfaces in near-surface layer of the ocean in the western equatorial Pacific warm pool. Journal of Physical Oceanography 27, 999-1017.

Soloviev, A.V. and R. Lukas, 1997: Observation of large diurnal warming events in the near-surface layer of the western equatorial Pacific warm pool. Deep-Sea Research 44, 1055-1076.

Schluessel, P., A. Soloviev, and W. Emery, 1997: Cool and freshwater skin of the ocean during rainfall. Boundary-Layer Meteorology 82, 437-472.

Soloviev, A.V. and R. Lukas, 1996: Observation of spatial variability of diurnal thermocline and rain-formed halocline in the western Pacific warm pool. Journal of Physical Oceanography 26, 2529-2538.

Soloviev, A.V. and P. Schluessel, 1996: Evolution of cool skin and direct air-sea gas transfer coefficient during daytime, Boundary-Layer Meteorology, 77, 45-68.

Soloviev, A.V. and P. Schluessel, 1994: Parameterization of the cool skin of the ocean and of the air-ocean gas transfer on the basis of modeling surface renewal. Journal of Physical Oceanography 24, 1339-1346.

Kudryavtsev, V.N. and A.V. Soloviev, 1990: Slippery near-surface layer of the ocean arising due to daytime solar heating. Journal of Physical Oceanography., 20, 617-627.

Soloviev, A.V., 1990: Coherent structure at the ocean surface in the convectively unstable conditions. Nature 346, 157-160.

Articles in peer-reviewed journals (in Russian)

Doklady (6); Izvestiya, Atmospheric and Oceanic Physics (12); Oceanology (3); Marine Hydrophysical Journal (1).